Quebec’s 2023 – Simplified LMIA Eligible Jobs

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In the vast landscape of Canadian immigration, the province of Quebec stands as a distinct and captivating entity, offering its own set of rules, structures, and programs for those aspiring to call it home. Annually, the Ministry of Immigration in Quebec unveils an updated list of eligible occupations for simplified processing when it comes to Labor Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs). What does this mean, and how does it affect those looking to make a living in Canada’s only predominantly French-speaking province? Let’s take on a journey to explore the intriguing world of simplified LMIA processing in Quebec in 2023.

The Basics: What is an LMIA?

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty details, let’s break down the term LMIA. An LMIA, or Labor Market Impact Assessment, is a crucial document that serves as proof that hiring a temporary foreign worker will not adversely affect the Canadian labor market. In simpler terms, it’s a way to ensure that bringing in a foreign worker won’t hurt local job opportunities.

Certain employers who wish to hire temporary foreign workers must obtain this document from the government. It is their responsibility to ensure that the foreign worker they intend to hire will either have a positive or neutral impact on the national job market. In other words, they should ensure that hiring a foreign worker won’t take away job opportunities from Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

Question: Why is this assessment necessary, and how does it benefit the Canadian job market?

Quebec’s Unique Perspective

Quebec has always been something of an enigma when it comes to immigration in Canada. This province operates independently, crafting its own immigration policies that often differ from the rest of the country. But, there are a few reasons why Quebec still involves the federal government in LMIA processing.

Reason 1: Quebec-based employers must obtain approval from both the provincial and federal governments for their LMIA applications. It’s a double-check mechanism that ensures compliance with both sets of rules.

Reason 2: Quebec-based LMIA applicants must submit their applications, along with all the required documents, to both governments simultaneously. Failing to do so results in an immediate rejection. Quebec doesn’t mess around when it comes to LMIA processing.

Fresh Off the Press: What’s New in 2023?

Now, let’s talk about what’s hot and fresh in 2023. Over the last two years, Quebec’s list of eligible jobs has grown by more than a hundred occupations, now encompassing over 300 job titles. That’s quite the expansion from 181 job titles in 2021. It seems like Quebec is opening its doors wider to the world.

Furthermore, starting from November 16, 2022, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) began using an updated version of the National Occupation Classification (NOC) system, specifically the NOC 2021. What does this mean for you? Any LMIA applications submitted after this transition date will be processed using the updated NOC 2021 system.

Simplified LMIA Processing: Eligibility Criteria

If you’re an employer looking to take advantage of Quebec’s simplified LMIA processing system, you’ll need to meet specific criteria. Let’s break it down:

1. Offer a Competitive Working Environment

Quebec-based employers must offer an “equivalent” working environment, which means it should be similar to what Canadian citizens or permanent residents receive for a similar job in the same sector. To meet this requirement, it’s essential to provide detailed information about the job and conditions in your LMIA application.

Question: What details should you include to describe the job and conditions effectively?

2. Comply with Laws and Regulations

To qualify for simplified LMIA processing, employers in Quebec must ensure that their business exists in Quebec and that the position offered meets all the listed financial and material conditions. Additionally, your organization should be free of any Section 99 convictions according to Quebec’s immigration regulations. This means that you need to maintain a clean record for two years before submitting your LMIA application.

Question: What are some typical Section 99 convictions that can hinder your LMIA application?

3. Provide Health Insurance

Quebec employers must go the extra mile by providing hired workers with free medical coverage until they become eligible for Régie de l’assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ) coverage. It’s all about ensuring the well-being of your foreign workers.

Question: How does providing health insurance contribute to the overall LMIA process?

Specific Eligibility Criteria for Low-Wage Positions

If you’re looking to hire a temporary foreign worker for a position with an hourly wage below $26, there are some additional criteria to meet:

  • You must provide or help your workers find suitable and affordable housing.
  • Cover all round-trip transportation costs for workers traveling from their country of permanent residence to their place of work in Quebec.
  • Provide low-wage workers with coverage equivalent to the RAMQ plan until they are eligible for RAMQ coverage.

These additional requirements aim to ensure that even low-wage workers are well taken care of during their employment in Quebec.

Question: How can providing housing and covering transportation costs benefit both employers and workers?

Jobs That Don’t Make the Cut

Not all jobs are eligible for simplified LMIA processing. Here’s a list of positions that won’t pass the eligibility test:

  • Jobs occupied by temporary workers who have control over the business.
  • Jobs that fulfill the labor needs of a third-party client, person, or public body instead of the employer.
  • Positions that may interfere with an ongoing labor dispute settlement (strike).
  • Jobs that might harm any persons affected by a labor dispute.
  • Positions that conflict with Chapter C-27 of Quebec’s Labour Code.
  • Jobs in industries deemed ineligible for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.

Quebec’s commitment to its own labor market is evident in these restrictions.

Question: Why do you think Quebec imposes these restrictions on certain jobs?

Now, let’s wrap things up with a brief summary.

In 2023, Quebec continues its unique approach to immigration with an expanded list of occupations eligible for simplified LMIA processing. Employers must adhere to strict criteria, ensuring a level playing field for both Canadian and foreign workers. While Quebec remains distinct, its commitment to protecting the labor market shines through in the eligibility restrictions it imposes.


1. What is the purpose of an LMIA in Quebec?

  • An LMIA, or Labor Market Impact Assessment, in Quebec serves to ensure that hiring a temporary foreign worker will not have a negative impact on the Canadian labor market.

2. Why does Quebec have its own list of eligible jobs for simplified LMIA processing?

Quebec operates independently in immigration matters and crafts its own policies. However, it still involves the federal government to ensure compliance with both sets of rules.

3. How has the list of eligible jobs for simplified LMIA processing in Quebec changed in 2023?

In 2023, Quebec’s list has grown by more than 100 occupations, now including over 300 job titles, an expansion from 181 in 2021.

4. What are the additional eligibility criteria for low-wage positions seeking simplified LMIA processing?

Employers hiring for low-wage positions must provide or assist workers in finding suitable housing, cover transportation costs, and offer health coverage equivalent to the RAMQ plan until the worker is eligible for RAMQ coverage.

5. Which jobs are ineligible for simplified LMIA processing in Quebec?

Jobs occupied by temporary workers who control the business, jobs that serve third-party clients instead of the employer, positions that may interfere with labor disputes, those that could harm persons affected by labor disputes, jobs conflicting with Quebec’s Labor Code Chapter C-27, and positions in industries ineligible for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program are all ineligible.

These frequently asked questions should help clarify the intricacies of simplified LMIA processing in Quebec in 2023.

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